Friday, February 28, 2014

Historic Ajo, Arizona

Where is Ajo? Well it's not exactly past the end of the earth, but almost. You travel through it on highway 85 on the way to Organ Pipe National Monument.
The town was designed and built in the early 1900s for mine workers in the nearby Cornelia open-pit copper mine. The word "ajo" means "garlic" in Spanish. The town may have gotten its name from Mexican miners mispronouncing the Pagado Indian word for the place, "au'auho" meaning "paint," because the mine ores were a source for red paint.
John Greenway bought the mine in 1911 and designed the town to keep workers content and productive.
The design centers on the town plaza, with wide streets radiating symmetrically from an axis like "wings of a bird."
 The Spanish Colonial architecture of the buildings features arches, stucco surfaces, towers, and tile roofs.
 Two churches grace the perimeter of the plaza, a Catholic Church on the left, and the Federated Church on the right.
Curley School (named for the mine manager) was built in 1919.  It features a bell tower, curriculum medallions, and a "wise old owl" over the doorway. It has been renovated and is currently being used to house artists in residence.
 View toward the plaza from the school steps.
 Costa's Hummingbird in the tree outside the school.
 Esperanza Avenue homes show Prairie influence featuring horizontal says the brochure. I just liked all the flowers.
The Federated Church was built in 1926.

 Notice how the top of the doorway was cut.
Stained glass window on the side of the Federated Church.
 Immaculate Conception Catholic Church was completed in 1925, constructed of adobe.
An imaginary line from the flagpole in the plaza all the way to the cross on the mountain forms the axis of the city plan.
 Morondo Street across from the Catholic Church features a row of Spanish Colonial Revival homes, locally called "Territorials."
 The buildings along the plaza have shops and cafes today.
This building once housed a movie theater. 
This side was once the railroad depot, which now houses the Visitor's Center.
 Ajo Copper News mural.
Walking toward the old depot building.
Design inside the dome. 
Beautiful flowers and landscaping all over town.

 View from the depot/visitor's center. 
 We should have visited here first and picked up the walking tour brochure. I found out we missed a lot.
 Too bad we're going to miss the "Shindig" in March. The Coyote howling contest sounds like fun.
 Driving out of town we can see the copper tailings from the mine. At one time, New Cornelia was the largest copper producer in Arizona, and the 3rd largest open-pit mine in the US. It closed in 1984.
We passed by the little town of Why, named for the "Y" intersection of highways 85 and 86.
Next post will be from Organ Pipe National Monument.

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Painted Rocks Petroglyph Site, Gila Bend, AZ

We camped in the Hohokam Loop of the campground, the name of some of the native people who created the petroglyphs. They lived here between 300 BC and AD 1450.
This pile of volcanic rocks is where the petroglyphs are found. A lot of petroglyphs in a relatively small area.
A culture of hunters and gatherers lived here long before the Hohokams. Some of the petroglyphs are attributed to that early group.

The Hohokam designs include animals and humans. 
See what you can find.

I would guess the square design on the right belongs to the archaic group.

Lots of lizard designs.

The view of our campsites from the petroglyph site.

This one reminds me of the javalinas.
Beth did a great job spotting this large lizard...about 9-12" long.
I looked him up...he's a Common Chuckwalla. I'm sure he was there to enjoy the warm sun,
But I like to think he was guarding the petroglyphs. See him up there?
They need protecting...and have only been protected by law since 1976.
Before that, other visitors added their own graffiti.
Some of them are quite old too.
So guard on, Chuckwalla.
Ever wonder whatever happened to "Pomp," the baby born to Sacajawea on the Lewis and Clark expedition? He was here.
He became a guide among other things.
Who else came this way?

What else did we see? Thistle wanted to know who lives in all these holes.
I found what looks like owl pellets. I wonder if burrowing owls use some of those holes. 
 Haven't seen anything go in or out yet.
We saw some birds...I don't know all of them. 
This one perched above the nesting box with what looks like nesting material in its beak.
 Maybe a Rock Wren?....guessing
I think this must be an Annas Hummingbird. 

Backside of the bird above. 

Lots of wildflowers blooming.

Can you see the lizard hiding? 
Tiny white flowers among the gravel rocks. 

 Cactus fruit
And ho-hum, we're about to enjoy another beautiful desert sunset.